Problems with isotope dating

12-Jun-2018 01:24 by 4 Comments

Problems with isotope dating

allometry: The relation between the size of an organism and the size of any of its parts.For example, an allometric relation exists between brain size and body size, such that (in this case) animals with bigger bodies tend to have bigger brains.

Most amphibians are found in damp environments and they occur on all continents except Antarctica.

The diameter of the aperture determines the intensity of light admitted. archeology: The study of human history and prehistory through the excavation of sites and the analysis of physical remains, such as graves, tools, pottery, and other artifacts.

The pupil of a human eye is a self-adjusting aperture. archetype: The original form or body plan from which a group of organisms develops.

In a diploid cell there are usually two alleles of any one gene (one from each parent).

Within a population there may be many different alleles of a gene; each has a unique nucleotide sequence.

The term can also be applied to larger groups of organisms, as in "the adaptive radiation of mammals." adaptive strategies: A mode of coping with competition or environmental conditions on an evolutionary time scale.

Species adapt when succeeding generations emphasize beneficial characteristics.

Then, even if circumstances change such that it no longer provides any survival or reproductive advantage, the behavior will still tend to be exhibited -- unless it becomes positively disadvantageous in the new environment.

adaptive radiation: The diversification, over evolutionary time, of a species or group of species into several different species or subspecies that are typically adapted to different ecological niches (for example, Darwin's finches).

amphibians: The class of vertebrates that contains the frogs, toads, newts, and salamanders.

The amphibians evolved in the Devonian period (about 370 million years ago) as the first vertebrates to occupy the land.

analogous structures: Structures in different species that look alike or perform similar functions (e.g., the wings of butterflies and the wings of birds) that have evolved convergently but do not develop from similar groups of embryological tissues, and that have not evolved from similar structures known to be shared by common ancestors. Note: The recent discovery of deep genetic homologies has brought new interest, new information, and discussion to the classical concepts of analogous and homologous structures.

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